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What surgical procedures does a retina surgeon perform?

Retina surgeons are specialized ophthalmologists who perform various surgical procedures related to diagnosing and treating eye diseases involving the retina. These include retinoblastoma, retinal detachment, macular hole, retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, retinal tear, and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Retinoblastoma surgery

Retinoblastoma surgery is used to treat tumours of the retina. This procedure aims to remove the tumour and preserve as much of the eye as possible.

Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment is a severe condition in which the retina becomes separated from its underlying supportive tissue. Retinal detachment is usually caused by a tear or hole in the retina that can allow fluid to pass between the layers of the retina. If untreated, retinal detachment can lead to blindness.

A retina surgeon may perform several different types of surgery to repair a retinal detachment. Depending on the severity of the detachment, these surgical procedures may include: Scleral buckle surgery, Pneumatic retinopexy, Vitrectomy.

Macular hole surgery

Macular hole surgery is a surgical procedure performed by a retina specialist to repair a macular hole. This condition occurs when there is a break or tear in the macula, the area at the centre of the eye that helps us see details. Macular hole surgery aims to repair the hole and restore vision.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition caused by diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can lead to permanent vision loss.

A retina surgeon may recommend surgery to treat diabetic retinopathy, depending on the severity of the condition. This surgery is often done with other treatments, such as laser therapy or injections.

Retinitis pigmentosa surgery

Retinitis pigmentosa surgery is used to slow the progression of this inherited eye condition. It involves inserting tiny telescopic lenses into the eye, which can sometimes improve vision.

Retinal tear surgery

Retinal tear surgery is used to repair tears in the retina and prevent them from worsening. In most cases, a laser is used to seal the edges of the tear.

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) surgery

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) surgery can be used to repair scarring on the retina caused by premature birth. A small silicone is inserted into the eye to flatten the retina and improve vision.

In summary, retina surgeons are highly trained specialists skilled in performing various surgical procedures related to eye diseases affecting the retina. These surgeries help to improve vision, preserve sight, and save lives. If you have been diagnosed with an eye condition involving your retina, you should consult a retina specialist to discuss your options.

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